Agriculture Production Cooperatives

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Agriculture Production Cooperatives (CPAs) are a type of cooperative organization for peasant farmers in Cuba.

"Agriculture Production Cooperatives (CPAs) are collective farms in which the land and all productive assets like machinery, warehouses, etc., are owned collectively."[1]

CPAs were created as a form of organization at the Fifth Congress of the National Small Farmers Association of Cuba (ANAP). As of 1998, 1139 CPAs existed in Cuba, covering 710,000 hectares (with an average of 625 hectares each), with 63,000 members.[2]

Resources and articles

Related Sourcewatch articles


  1. Peter Michael Rosset, Braulio Machín Sosa, Adilén María Roque Jaime & Dana Rocío Ávila Lozano, "The Campesino-to-Campesino agroecology movement of ANAP in Cuba: social process methodology in the construction of sustainable peasant agriculture and food sovereignty," Journal of Peasant Studies, Volume 38, Issue 1, 2011, p. 161-191.
  2. Fernando Funes, Luis Garcia, Martin Bourque, Nilda Perez, Peter Rosset, eds, “Sustainable Agriculture and Resistance: Transforming Food Production in Cuba,” Food First Books, 2002, p. 30.

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