Information Operations Roadmap

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John Rendon, President of the Rendon Group, "insists that information is terrain and someone will occupy it, either the adversary, a third party, or US." [1]
"Information is an instrument of national power, just as military, economic and political. Like any weapon or tool, the United States Government needs to use it or cede the 'battlefield' to someone else." [2]

The "Roadmap"

On October 30, 2003, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld signed a secret order for the classified 74-page directive the Information Operations Roadmap. [3]

The Roadmap is a "detailed plan being implemented by the Pentagon," Christopher J. Lamb, a senior fellow in the Institute for National Security Studies at the National Defense University and former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Resources and Plans, wrote First Quarter 2005 in the Joint Force Quarterly. "The roadmap charts a course for developing IO into a mature warfighting capability and a core joint competency. It is designed to enable capabilities to keep pace with threats and exploit opportunities afforded by innovation and information technologies. Lessons learned from Iraqi Freedom underscore the validity of its recommendations."

"The key assumption underlying the IO roadmap is that exploiting information for decisionmaking has become critical for military success. Accordingly, it must be treated on a par with ground, maritime, air, and special operations," Lamb wrote.

The Roadmap "represents 18 months of effort to determine IO issues and makes 57 recommendations for implementation. Execution of these 57 recommendations has begun," Allen W. Batschelet wrote in the July/August 2004 FA Journal. "Setting the course for IO's future as a DoD core competency, the roadmap provides a common framework and definition for understanding IO, empowers combatant commanders with the authority to plan and integrate IO, and improves education and training opportunities designed to strengthen IO efforts."

"Noting the complexities and risks, Mr. Rumsfeld ordered studies to clarify the appropriate relationship between Pentagon and military public affairs - whose job is to educate and inform the public with accurate and timely information - and the practitioners of secret psychological operations and information campaigns to influence, deter or confuse adversaries," Thom Shanker and Eric Schmitt reported in the December 13, 2004, New York Times.

Perception Management

"'In the battle of perception management, where the enemy is clearly using the media to help manage perceptions of the general public, our job is not perception management but to counter the enemy's perception management,' said the chief Pentagon spokesman, Lawrence Di Rita" in December 2004. [

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