Portal:State Policy Network
Portals: Koch Exposed · FrackSwarm · CoalSwarm · OutsourcingAmericaExposed · ALECexposed · NFIBexposed · Fix the Debt · State Policy Network · All Portals
State Policy Network Portal
Learn more about how the State Policy Network aids ALEC and spins disinformation in the states.
Although SPN's member organizations claim to be nonpartisan and independent, an in-depth investigation reveals that SPN and its member think tanks are major drivers of the right-wing, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)-backed corporate agenda in state houses nationwide, with deep ties to the Koch brothers and the national right-wing network of funders. The reports reveal some members abusing tax laws and masquerading as "think tanks" while really orchestrating extensive lobbying and political operations to peddle their legislative agenda to state legislators, all while reporting little or no lobbying activities.
CMD's investigation uncloaks some of the major funders of these expanding operations in the states and raises major concerns over whose agenda these front groups are advancing in the states.
In response to CMD's national report -- titled "EXPOSED: The State Policy Network -- The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government" -- SPN Executive Director Tracie Sharp told national and statehouse reporters that SPN affiliates are "fiercely independent."
Later the same week, however, The New Yorker's Jane Mayer caught Sharp in a contradiction. In her article, "Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?," the Pulitzer-nominated reporter revealed that, in a recent meeting behind closed doors with the heads of SPN affiliates around the country, Sharp "compared the organization’s model to that of the giant global chain IKEA." She reportedly said that SPN "would provide 'the raw materials,' along with the 'services' needed to assemble the products. Rather than acting like passive customers who buy finished products, she wanted each state group to show the enterprise and creativity needed to assemble the parts in their home states. 'Pick what you need,' she said, 'and customize it for what works best for you.'" Not only that, but Sharp "also acknowledged privately to the members that the organization's often anonymous donors frequently shape the agenda. 'The grants are driven by donor intent,' she told the gathered think-tank heads. She added that, often, 'the donors have a very specific idea of what they want to happen.'"
A set of coordinated fundraising proposals obtained and released by The Guardian in early December 2013 confirm many of these SPN members' intent to change state laws and policies, referring to "advancing model legislation" and "candidate briefings." These activities "arguably cross the line into lobbying," The Guardian notes. The funding proposals are from 40 SPN members to the Searle Freedom Trust, a private foundation that funds right-wing groups such as Americans for Prosperity, ALEC, Americans for Tax Reform, and more. It is the family foundation funded by the "NutraSweet" fortune of G.D. Searle & Company, which was purchased by Monsanto in 1985 and which is now part of Pfizer. The documents were submitted to Stephen Moore, Wall Street Journal editorial board member, founder of the Club for Growth, and ALEC "scholar," who was asked to review the proposals and "identify your top 20 and bottom 20 proposals."
SPN Political Activity
SPN President Tracie Sharp was the recipient of the American Legislative Exchange Council's (ALEC's) 2009 "Private Sector Member of the Year Award." ALEC gave her the award because, according to an ALEC "scholar" and founder of SPN member think tank the Evergreen Freedom Foundation (now called simply the Freedom Foundation), "Not only have SPN members assisted legislators in drafting model legislation, they've been key in killing some proposals by 'rent-seeking' special interests." However, SPN's tax forms indicate that it does no lobbying.
Although SPN's affiliates -- like SPN -- are registered as educational nonprofits, several appear to orchestrate extensive lobbying and political operations to peddle their legislative agenda to state legislators, despite the IRS's regulations on nonprofit political and lobbying activities. See, for example, the "Featured Stink Tank" below.
Please see the SourceWatch article on SPN Political Activity for more.
While, in 2007, the approximately $40 million in combined revenues of the then 52 think tanks in 45 states that were members was less than the Heritage Foundation's budget that year of $50 million, SPN president Tracie Sharp announced in late 2007 a plan to expand think-tank revenues by $50 million by 2012. In 2011, combined revenues of SPN itself and its (then) 59 member state think tanks was $83.2 million, according to a review of the groups' IRS forms 990 by the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD).
By 2019, CMD found through an analysis of SPN member latest available IRS filings that combined revenue topped $120 million.
Please see the SourceWatch article on SPN Funding for more.
SPN Ties to ALEC
All of SPN's 64 member state think tanks have pushed parts of the ALEC agenda in their respective states, and at least 34 of them have additional direct ties to ALEC (beyond SPN's own ties as an ALEC funder). SPN think tanks have introduced, echoed, pushed, and reinforced ALEC policies to hamstring labor, privatize education, disenfranchise minorities, students, and the elderly, and rollback environmental initiatives in the states.
Please see the SourceWatch article on SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
Featured Stink Tank
A powerful example of how certain SPN affiliates work directly to change state law without reporting any lobbying to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) -- which requires such disclosures of direct and grassroots lobbying by 501(c)(3) non-profit organizations such as the SPN state affiliates -- is that of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy's efforts to make Michigan a "right to work" state.
On December 11, 2012, governor Rick Snyder signed into law a "right to work" bill, which undermines collective bargaining by allowing workers to freeload off the benefits of union negotiations without paying the costs of union representation. The Mackinac Center and its funders, such as the billionaire DeVos family of the Amway fortune, had been coordinating behind close doors to effect this change "for 25 years," as a Mackinac blog post boasted after the bill passed, going on to call the passage of the bill "a classic example of the Overton Window of what's politically possible moving in the proper direction. Mackinac Center experts have been pushing that window toward right-to-work since 1990."
In fact, SPN singled out the Mackinac Center's president, Joseph Lehman, for its highest award at its 2013 annual meeting, the "Roe Award" named after SPN founder and building materials supply magnate Thomas Roe. Why? For "the passage of a right-to-work law in Michigan," another blog post boasted. Betsy DeVos presented the award to Lehman, and Dick DeVos was recognized as well.
Mackinac created or helped create two new online publications -- called "Michigan Capital Confidential" and "Watchdog Wire Michigan" (a project of the Franklin Center, of which Mackinac is a "partner") -- to communicate its claims, gain public support, and put pressure on the governor to adopt its "right to work" changes to state law.
In audio released in early 2013 by Progress Michigan, Mackinac Director of Labor Policy F. Vincent Vernuccio was recorded as telling supporters at an Americans for Prosperity "Citizen Watchdog Training" that he had met with Michigan lawmakers to make a plan for ramming "right to work" laws through the state legislature. And in a series of 2011 emails between Mackinac staffers and Michigan Rep. Tom McMillin about a different piece of legislation, Mackinac's Jack McHugh told McMillin, "Our goal is outlaw government collective bargaining in Michigan, which in practical terms means no more MEA" (Michigan Education Association, the state's teachers union). In another email, McMillin told Mackinac staffers, "my ability to impact this decision could be assisted by hearing your thoughts...soon (and again, this is off the record - ok?)"
Based on these email exchanges and other evidence, U.S. Rep. Sandy Levin (D-MI) asked the IRS to investigate Mackinac and "take appropriate actions to ensure that the Mackinac Center is in full compliance with federal tax law."
But, despite all its efforts to achieve major legal changes such as "right to work," and its own admission that it had been pushing the change and communicating with state legislators about it, the Mackinac Center reported no lobbying to the IRS in 2012, 2011, or 2010.
For more, please see PRWatch here.
Founders, History, and Staff
From 1992 to 1998, SPN operated in a relatively limited organizational capacity. Then, according to SPN, "SPN's Board of Directors realized the need for a stronger organization that would provide additional services. After extensive discussions, the existing Board took a bold and historic step in September 1998, dissolving itself and appointing a transitional Board to fulfill the broader role envisioned for the organization." SPN has continued to grow at a rapid rate, expanding from 43 member state think tanks in 2002 to 64 member state think tanks in 2013.
Please see the SourceWatch article on SPN Founders, History, and Staff for more.
- Center for Media and Democracy, EXPOSED: The State Policy Network, The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Arizona Working Families and CMD, A Reporter’s Guide to the Goldwater Institute: What Citizens, Policymakers, and Reporters Should Know, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Progress Florida and CMD, Lawmaking Under the Influence of Very Special Interests: Understand the role of Florida ‘think tanks’ in driving a Koch-fueled, ALEC-allied corporate agenda, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Maine's Majority Education Fund, Fooling Maine: How national conservative groups infiltrated Maine politics by founding and funding the Maine Heritage Policy Center, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Michigan, Who's Running Michigan? The Far-Right Influence of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Alliance for a Better Minnesota, Who's in Charge: How Nationalized Corporate-Run Think Tanks Influence Minnesota Politics, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Missouri, What Missourians Need to Know About the Show-Me Institute, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Granite State Progress, Bad Bartlett: The Josiah Bartlett Center and NH Watchdog Answer the Call of the Koch Brothers, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- ProgressOhio, Smoke Screen: The Buckeye Institute, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Keystone Progress, Think tanks or corporate lobbyist propaganda mills?, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Texas, TPPF + ALEC, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- One Wisconsin Now, S is for Shill: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Attack on Public Education, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Center for Media and Democracy, A Reporters’ Guide to the "State Policy Network": the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch, April 4, 2013.
Join the Conversation
SPN in the News
- PRWatch, How SPN "Think Tanks" Will Spin ALEC's 2016 Agenda, September 30, 2015.
- Washington Post, In N.C., conservative donor Art Pope sits at heart of government he helped transform, July 19, 2014.
- Center for Media and Democracy, A Reporters' Guide to Rex Sinquefield and the Show-Me Institute: What Reporters, Citizens, and Policymakers Need to Know, organizational report, April 29, 2014.
- Providence Journal, R.I. Center for Freedom and Prosperity Shapes Public Policy Anonymously, February 23, 2014.
- Mother Jones, Meet the New Kochs: The DeVos Clan's Plan to Defund the Left, January/February 2014 issue.
- Media Matters, New Hampshire Newspapers Create Faux Legitimacy For ALEC-Connected Group, January 6, 2014.
- Lincoln Journal Star, Report criticizes conservative Nebraska think tank, January 2, 2014.
- Truthout, As It Turns Out, There Still Is a Vast Right Wing Conspiracy - The Many Friends of ALEC, December 12, 2013.
- Media Matters, A Media Guide To The Right-Wing Agenda Of North Carolina's Civitas Institute, December 12, 2013.
- DeSmog Blog, Stink Tanks: Historical Records Reveal State Policy Network Was Created by ALEC, December 9, 2013.
- The Guardian, State conservative groups plan US-wide assault on education, health and tax, December 5, 2013.
- Portland Press Herald, "Washington County residents have mixed reactions to plan to eliminate taxes," December 5, 2013.
- The Texas Observer, "The Money Behind the Fight to Undermine Medicaid," December 5, 2013.
- Media Matters, North Carolina Newspapers Largely Ignore Conservative Funding Of Sham Think Tanks, December 3, 2013.
- Shepherd Express, Masters of Manipulation: Right-wing Billionaires, Corporations and the Bradley Foundation Pay for Junk Studies that Prop up Their Agenda, November 27, 2013.
- "Moyers & Company," How a Shadowy Network of Corporate Front Groups Distorts the Marketplace of Ideas, November 19, 2013.
- MSNBC "Rachel Maddow Show," November 18, 2013.
- Free Speech TV "Ring of Fire," Facebook, Microsoft, AT&T and Others Supporting Right Wing Propaganda Machine, November 18, 2013.
- Topeka Capital-Journal, Trabert dismisses report tying KPI to Koch agenda, November 16, 2013.
- The New Yorker (Jane Mayer), Is IKEA the New Model for the Conservative Movement?, November 15, 2013.
- Salon, Ted Cruz and Koch brothers embroiled in shadowy Tea Party scheme, November 15, 2013.
- St. Louis Business Journal, Beyond Sinquefield: Who else is funding the Show-Me Institute?, November 15, 2013.
- The Guardian, Facebook and Microsoft help fund rightwing lobby network, report finds, November 14, 2013.
- Huffington Post, Meet The Little-Known Network Pushing Ideas For Kochs, ALEC, November 14, 2013.
- CBS St. Louis, Show-Me Institute’s Ties Questioned in New Report, November 14, 2013.
- Talking Points Memo, Florida Conservative Group Helping Muck Up Obamacare In Alaska, November 14, 2013.
- Mint Press News, Reports Reveal SPN’s Secret Corporate Agenda Through Use ‘Expert’ Testimony, November 14, 2013.
- Media Matters, Shadowy Right-Wing Group Generates Media Coverage For Conservative Policy From Coast To Coast, November 14, 2013.
- The Institute for Southern Studies, Are conservative think tanks breaking lobbying laws?, November 14, 2013.
- Nonprofit Quarterly, Corporate Money in Network of Right-Wing State Policy Think Tanks, November 14, 2013.
- The Progressive, Right-Wing Think Tanks Push Privatization in the States, November 13, 2013.
- Politico, Report: Think tanks tied to Kochs, November 13, 2013.
- Lawrence Journal-World, Reports released by progressive groups are critical of Kansas Policy Institute, November 13, 2013.
- Maine Insights, Report: Maine Heritage Policy Center’s funding connection to Koch Brothers, November 13, 2013.
- The Florida Current, Liberal groups bemoan lobbying by conservative think tanks, November 13, 2013.
- The Oregonian, Cascade Policy Institute benefits from secretive donor group but says it operates independently, November 13, 2013.
- Muncie Voice, Pence and Right-Wing Are Taking Over Public Education, November 13, 2013.
- The Spokesman-Review, Shawn Vestal: Idaho Freedom Foundation pushes limits of word ‘charity’, November 2, 2013.
- AZ Central, When this ‘watchdog’ pitches, taxpayers strike out, October 12, 2013.
- IndyStar, Daniels says speech to partisan group was a mistake, October 10, 2013.
- Muncie Voice, Indiana Policy Review: Not an Independent News Source, October 2, 2013.
- The Spokesman-Review, Idaho Freedom Foundation's charitable status scrutinized, September 15, 2013.
- CounterSpin, Lee Fang on 'The Right Leans In', April 5, 2013.
- FireDogLake, State Policy Network, an umbrella coordinating ALEC, Heritage, Heartland and others, April 4, 2013.
- PRWatch, A Reporters' Guide to the "State Policy Network" -- the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, April 4, 2013.
- The Nation, The Right Leans In, March 26, 2013.
State Policy Network Articles
- Acton Institute
- Advance Arkansas Institute
- Alabama Policy Institute
- Alaska Policy Forum
- America's Future
- American Legislative Exchange Council
- Americans for Fair Treatment
- Americans for Prosperity
- Ayn Rand Institute
- Badger Institute
- Beacon Center of Tennessee
- Benjamin Rush Institute
- Byron S. Lamm
- Caesar Rodney Institute
- Calvert Institute for Policy Research
- Cardinal Institute
- Cascade Policy Institute
- Cato Institute
- Centennial Institute
- Center for Education Reform
- Center for Growth and Opportunity
- Center for Independent Employees
- Center of the American Experiment
- Centro de Investigación y Política Pública
- Citizens Against Government Waste
- Citizens' Council for Health Freedom
- Civitas Institute
- Claire Kittle Dixon
- Clint Bolick
- Commonwealth Foundation
- Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Diana Davis Spencer Foundation
- Docs 4 Patient Care Foundation
- Donors Capital Fund
- DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund Grant Recipients
- Dunn Foundation
- Empower Mississippi
- Energy & Environment Legal Institute
- Ethan Allen Institute
- Eye on Sacramento
- Families Against Mandatory Minimums
- First Liberty Institute
- For Kids and Country
- Foundation for Economic Education
- Foundation for Government Accountability
- Foundation for Research on Equal Opportunity
- Free the People
- Free to Choose Network
- Freedom Center of Missouri
- Freedom Foundation
- Freedom Foundation of Minnesota
- Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge
- Friends of Universidad Francisco Marroquín
- Frontier Institute
- Fund for American Studies
- Garden State Initiative
- Georgia Public Policy Foundation
- Goldwater Institute
- Granite Institute
- Grassroot Institute of Hawaii
- Great Plains Public Policy Institute
- Heritage Foundation
- Idaho Freedom Foundation
- Illinois Policy
- Independence Institute
- Independent Women's Forum
- Institute for Family Studies
- Institute for Free Speech
- Institute for Humane Studies
- Institute for Justice
- Institute for Policy Innovation
- Institute for Reforming Government
- Iowans for Tax Relief Foundation
- James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal
- James Madison Institute
- Janus vs. AFSCME, U.S. Supreme Court Case
- Jaquelin Hume Foundation
- Jesse Helms Center
- John Locke Foundation
- Josiah Bartlett Center for Public Policy
- Judicial Watch
- Kansas Policy Institute
- Leadership Program of the Rockies
- Libertas Institute
- Liberty Foundation of America
- Liberty Justice Center
- Lone Star Policy Institute
- Louisiana Family Forum
- MacIver Institute
- Mackinac Center for Public Policy
- Maine Policy Institute
- Manhattan Institute for Policy Research
- Maryland Public Policy Institute
- Mercatus Center
- Mississippi Center for Public Policy
- Montana Policy Institute
- Moving Picture Institute
- National Legal and Policy Center
- National Review Institute
- National Taxpayers Union
- Nevada Policy Research Institute
- Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs
- Pacific Legal Foundation
- Pacific Research Institute
- Palmetto Promise Institute
- Paul E. Singer
- Paul Singer Family Foundation
- Pelican Institute
- People United for Privacy
- Pioneer Institute for Public Policy Research
- Platte Institute for Economic Research
- Prison Fellowship
- Property and Environment Research Center
- Public Interest Institute
- R Street Institute
- Reason Foundation
- Reclaim New York
- Rhode Island Center for Freedom and Prosperity
- Rio Grande Foundation
- Roe Foundation
- Rose-Marie and Jack R. Anderson Foundation
- School Choice Wisconsin
- Show-Me Institute
- Solutions for New Jersey, Inc.
- South Carolina Policy Council
- Spark Freedom
- SPN 2009 Funding
- SPN 2010 Funding
- SPN 2011 Funding
- SPN Agenda
- SPN Founders, History, and Staff
- SPN Funding
- SPN Members
- SPN Political Activity
- SPN Ties to ALEC
- State Policy Network
- Steamboat Institute
- Students for Liberty
- Sutherland Institute
- Tax Foundation
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- The Leadership Institute
- Thomas A. Roe
- Thomas B. Fordham Foundation
- Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy
- Tracie Sharp
- Truth in Accounting
- Vernon K. Krieble Foundation
- Virginia Institute for Public Policy
- Washington Policy Center
- Wyoming Liberty Group
- Yankee Institute for Public Policy
- Young America's Foundation
- Young Voices
- ↑ Michael D. LaFaive, Mackinac Center, Right-to-Work and the Mackinac Center: Touting labor freedom for 25 years, organizational blog, November 29, 2012.
- ↑ Manny Lopez, Mackinac Center President Honored for Leadership, CapCon (Mackinac Center blog), October 1, 2013.
- ↑ Progress Michigan, Mackinac Center Admits to Lobbying Lawmakers, organizational press release, January 29, 2013.
- ↑ Mackinac Center Emails, obtained and released by Progress Michigan, June 2011.
- ↑ Congressman Sander Levin, Letter to IRS Commissioner Douglas Shulman, undated, accessed December 2013.
- ↑ Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2012 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, August 1, 2013.
- ↑ Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2011 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, August 14, 2012.
- ↑ Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2010 Form 990, organizational annual IRS filing, August 2, 2011.
Portals: Koch Exposed · FrackSwarm · CoalSwarm · OutsourcingAmericaExposed · ALECexposed · NFIBexposed · Fix the Debt · State Policy Network · All Portals